Cuban culture, chronicles and counterfeiting – the secrets behind cigar labels

Cuba’s cigars, along with cool ‘50s cars, amazing music and tantalising architecture, are an icon of the nation. But there’s more to the often elaborately patterned, brightly coloured bands that ring each cigar than just decoration…

Cuban cigars - the history and culture of cigar bands and cigar labels - Montecristo

Cuba has been heralded as making the finest cigars in the world for centuries. Its rich, dark volcanic soil, tropical climate, and traditional farming and production methods produce beautiful cigars that are more like works of art – a point of consternation every time I light one.

When would you normally set fire to artwork that you love?

On our last trip to Cuba, we visited the Partagas factory in Havana. It was incredible to see the rollers (known as torcedores) carefully crafting each cigar.

The finishing touch is gluing the label around the cigar with a traditional plant-based adhesive.

Check out our video from Cuba, where we took to the Cuban cigar trail around Havana:

Click here to watch this video on YouTube.

My favourite cigar brand, Montecristo, gets its name from Alexandre Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo. It was the torcedores’ favourite story, read to them by a ‘lector’ to entertain them as they worked.

This cigar company (and others like Romeo y Julieta) pay homage to its literary roots in its label. The royal fleur de lis on Montecristo cigar bands and the crossed swords on the box logos are both nods to the book.

But these beautiful labels on premium cigars do more than merely decorate or talk of heritage and provenance.

They have other functions too.

Spotting a fake Cuban cigar

Other than price, the packaging is probably the best pointer to a fake cigar.

Check out our story on spotting fake Cuban cigars here.

So apart from marketing and branding purposes, cigar companies developed evermore elaborate designs to reduce counterfeits.

But in spite of labels being increasingly more difficult to copy, re-labeled fakes are rife throughout the world.

Bruges, Belgium - cigar and beer

By the 1950s, the owner of Cuban brand Cabañas reckoned: “for every one of the two million Cuban cigars I ship to Europe, six million are sold there.”

It’s another reason to only buy from reputable companies or – if possible – from sanctioned shops in Cuba itself.

The downside to this of course is that the Cuban government owns and controls all the cigar shops and even the factories, so you’re giving money to a corrupt power.

Every silver lining has its cloud, I suppose.

How old is your cigar?

In this on-going battle against fraudulent cigars, brands update the labels regularly. Some, like Cohiba – the most expensive, prestigious and therefore most copied cigar brand – dink their cigar bands almost every other year, or so it seems.

Changes like this are both a worry and a joy to cigar enthusiasts.

Firstly, when your band looks different to what you’re used to, you fret that you’ve bought a fake cigar. On the other hand, it makes dating your cigars relatively easy.

Aged cigars can be very valuable. And like high-quality wines, well-kept fine cigars develop and mature over time.

As you can see, these three Montecristo cigars each have a slightly different band and are from very different ‘vintages’.

Cuban cigars - the history and culture of cigar bands and cigar labels - Montecristo

Cuban cigars - the history and culture of cigar bands and cigar labels - Montecristo tubos c2005

The lighter colour and no embossing means this cigar was made between 2003 and 2006 when Montecristo changed their labels. I bought this one in around 2005.

Cuban cigars - the history and culture of cigar bands and cigar labels - Montecristo No4 c2011

A darker, glossier label and an embossed insignia comes from between 2006 and 2013. This one is from about 2011.

Cuban cigars - the history and culture of cigar bands and cigar labels - Montecristo No4 c2015

Larger and much darker label with a gold foil embossed fleur de lis is the current line started in 2013. I was given this cigar as a birthday present in 2015.

If you have one that doesn’t look like any of these, it could be from anywhere between 1940s to 2003. Or perhaps a special edition.

With plain packaging laws covering up cigar bands, it’s hard to even see the branding. Or to tell if what you buy is real. Most of the time, the ugly brown stickers can come off revealing the original label beneath.

But pealing off a label isn’t going to go down too well with the shopkeeper.

Check out the Cuban Cigar Website – an impressive depository of many Cuban brands’ labels through the years – if you’re not sure.

As for my three examples, the ageing process is going well. Keeping them in a relative humidity of 70% in a temperature-controlled cedar-lined humidor has done wonders.

The oldest smells completely different to the other two – richer, deeper and more fragrant. I’m looking forward to finding out how it tastes!

Horse riding in Cuba - Vinales - Jim


  • Reply July 17, 2020

    Mr Brown

    Nice …. enjoyed the read to one of life’s little luxury’s, what do you like to pair your smoke with?

    • Reply July 19, 2020

      Mr Romance

      Thank you kindly, Mr Brown – excellent name btw! There are lots of different things I like to enjoy with a quality cigar. A neat little espresso is a good start, but a smoky scotch does much further. Otherwise, a good dark beer, a G&T, a nice cognac, a juicy fat shiraz, a dark rum… so many options, wouldn’t you agree?

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